1 a domain in which something is dominant; "the untroubled kingdom of reason"; "a land of make-believe"; "the rise of the realm of cotton in the south" [syn: kingdom, land]
2 a knowledge domain that you are interested in or are communicating about; "it was a limited domain of discourse"; "here we enter the region of opinion"; "the realm of the occult" [syn: domain, region]
3 the domain ruled by a king or queen [syn: kingdom]
EtymologyFrom Old French reaume (modern royaume), from the participle stem of Latin regare ‘rule’.
- , /relm/
- Czech: říše
- Danish: rige
- Dutch: rijk , koninkrijk
- Finnish: kuningaskunta, valtakunta
- French: royaume
- German: Reich , Königreich
- Greek: βασίλειο (vasílio) , κράτος (kratos)
- Hebrew: ממלכה (mamlakha)
- Italian: reame , regno
- Japanese: 王国 (おうこく ōkoku)
- Old English: rīċe , cynedōm
- Portuguese: reino
- Russian: королевство (korolévstvo) , царство (čárstvo)
- Spanish: reino
- Swedish: rike
- Telugu: రాజ్యం (rAjyam)
- For other meanings see Realm (disambiguation)
The Old French word reaume, modern French royaume, was the word first adopted in English; the fixed modern spelling does not appear until the beginning of the 17th century. The word supposedly derives from medieval Latin regalimen, from regalis, of or belonging to a rex, (king).
"Realm" is particularly used for those states whose name includes the word kingdom'' (for example, the United Kingdom), to avoid clumsy repetition of the word in a sentence (for example, "The Queen's realm, the United Kingdom...").
"Realm" is also frequently used to refer to territories that are "under" a monarch, yet are not a physical part of his or her "kingdom" (for example, the various Commonwealth Realms under the British Crown, in Realm of Sweden, or to Holstein, which until the Second War of Schleswig was an important part of the Danish King's realm stretching to the border of Hamburg, although not a part of the Danish Kingdom). This Similarly, the Cook Islands, Niue, and Tokelau are considered parts of the Realm of New Zealand, although they are not part of New Zealand proper. Likewise, the Faroe Islands and Greenland remain parts of the Danish Realm.
Realm directly translates into reich in German, though the word reich is often used as a short form for 'kingdom' (Königreich) and especially 'empire' (Kaiserreich). The German suffix -reich is only used for realms headed by a crowned monarch. Territories ruled by non-crowned rulers end in the suffix -tum (engl.: -dom), i.e. Herzogtum (dukedom), Fürstentum (principality).
Realm is pronounced ree-al-m or ree-lm, not relm
realm in Czech: Království
realm in German: Königreich
realm in French: Royaume
realm in Simple English: Kingdom
realm in Walloon: Rweyåme
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